PLATdesign: This church was dedicated to the Christian community with rooted origins in the surrounding region. Located on the outskirts of Hangzhou, the site Liangzhu is a place surrounded by mountains and lakes, and from 3500 to 2200 BC was the center of the Liangzhu culture. Thanks to the Chinese developer Vanke for creating cultural, commercial, and residential facilities in the surrounding area, the local citizens’ lives have been greatly enriched.
The Church consists of a Grand Chapel with symbolic gabled roof, linked by a corridor to smaller buildings such as a Small Chapel, common room, and library. There are existing woods to its rear, and the front faces a commercial area. Our design intent of creating the surroundings of this sacred space was to avoid typical prototypes of churches, and instead attempt to capture the unique charm of the rich green landscape.
Our first priority was to create a sequence of spaces. Visitors first approach from the west side via the main road of this development, and upon sighting the Grand Chapel beyond the trees, are led by the Stone Masonry wall. Ahead of this approach, visitors are greeted by a 4 meter Gate Wall, and from here first face the Grand Chapel. As one climbs the straight extension of the Grand Staircase, there appears as a symbol of innocence a pure white courtyard surrounded by a corridor. As one continues through the corridor, one is welcomed by a gentle Curved Brick Wall playfully interweaving with the Existing Woods in the rear. Just one step from the corridor is the Small Chapel and other small rooms, where they can see this scenery once again beautifully framed in the large picture windows. By creating this overlay of distinctive scenes at various scales, we feel the beauty of this place has been actualized.
Our second priority was the use of material. While conveying the symbolic status of the Church, our goal was to also express how it encompassed man and nature through its gentle tolerance. The floor of the Grand Chapel extends out into the solid mass of the Grand Staircase. The massive Gate Wall symbolically stands as the boundary between this sacred space and its everyday surroundings. Within the white expanse of the courtyard, subtle lines appear just by a difference in reflection. The organic form of the Curved Brick Wall interlinks with the Existing Woods as symbol of harmony between nature and people. By these colors and textures set against the natural surroundings and creating contrasting scenes, we feel each scene can be expressed all the more clearly.
We hope that by these two design approaches, we have inscribed a new internal scenery into each person who visits. The completion ceremony was a grand festival held by the local villagers.
Landscape Architecture: PLATdesign
Project name : Hangzhou Meilizhou Church
Completion date : 2010
Location : Hangzhou, China
Area : 1.3ha
Designer of Architecture : Tsushima Design Studio
Photographer : Masao Nishikawa
( photo No. 01,02,03,04,05,06,07,09,10,11,12,13,16,17,18,19,20,21 by Masao Nishikawa)
Client : Vanke Real Estate Co.,Ltd.